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What Are the Treatments for Low Blood Pressure?

What Are the Treatments for Low Blood Pressure?

How Do I Know if I Have Low Blood Pressure?

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For many people, chronic low blood pressure can be effectively treated with diet and lifestyle changes.

Depending on the cause of your symptoms, your doctor may tell you to increase your blood pressure by making these simple changes:
What Are the Treatments for Low Blood Pressure? - Image 1
  • Eat a diet higher in salt.
  • Drink lots of nonalcoholic fluids.
  • Limit  alcoholic beverages.
  • Drink more fluids during hot weather and while sick with a viral illness, such as a cold or the  flu.
  • Have your doctor evaluate your prescription and over-the-counter medications to see if any of them are causing your symptoms.
  • Get regular  exercise to promote  blood flow.
  • Be careful when rising from lying down or sitting. To help improve circulation, pump your  feet and  ankles a few times before standing up. Then proceed slowly. When getting out of bed, sit upright on the edge of the bed for a few minutes before standing.
  • Elevate the head of your bed at night by placing bricks or blocks under the head of bed.
  • Avoid heavy lifting.
  • Avoid straining while on the toilet.
  • Avoid standing still in place for long periods of time.
  • Avoid prolonged exposure to hot water, such as hot showers and spas. If you get dizzy, sit down. It may be helpful to keep a chair or stool in the shower in case you need to sit; to help prevent injury, use a nonslip chair or stool designed for use in showers and bath tubs.
  • To avoid problems with low blood pressure and lessen episodes of  dizziness after meals, try eating smaller, more frequent meals. Cut back on carbohydrates. Rest after eating. Avoid taking drugs to lower blood pressure before meals.
  • If needed, use elastic support (compression) stockings that cover the  calf and thigh. These may help restrict blood flow to the legs, thus keeping more blood in the upper body.



Medications for Low Blood PressureIf these measures don't lessen the problem, you may need medication.The following drugs are often used in treating low blood pressure.
  • Fludrocortisone . Fludrocortisone is a medication that seems to help most types of low blood pressure. It works by promoting sodium retention by the  kidney, thereby causing fluid retention and some swelling, which is necessary to improve blood pressure. But this sodium retention also causes a loss of  potassium. So when taking fludrocortisone, it's important to get enough potassium each day. Fludrocortisone has none of the anti-inflammatory properties of  cortisone or  prednisone and does not build muscle like anabolic  steroids.
  • Midodrine . Midodrine activates receptors on the smallest  arteries and veins to produce an increase in blood pressure. It is used to help increase standing blood pressure in people with postural hypotension related to  nervous system dysfunction. 

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