Global Learning Beam
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Literature

Threadbare Against Evil Mind

There is no denying the fact the fundamental rights of the children is supported by UN charter which envisages that a child must be protected by providing him/her hierarchical needs like physiological, safety, security, egoistic and self actualization need

There is no denying the fact the fundamental rights of
the children is supported by UN charter which envisages that a child must be
protected by providing him/her hierarchical needs like physiological, safety,
security, egoistic and self actualization need. In Un convention, it has been
clearly stated that a child must be flourished and it is the duties of the
parents and in this respect, the state parties should have a special look to
the well beings of the children and as such they should ensure necessary funds
to develop them with proper education, knowledge and other ancillaries in a
systematic manner so that they should develop themselves as an ideal citizen.
In this context, Child labour has been a great impediment for flourishing the
prospects of building them as good citizen in a country.


Due to the fact that due to poverty, the parents are
compelled to send their children to work in order to maintain their family.
There is no denying the fact that modern civilization has been flourishing day
by day by constructing buildings, dams, and embankments and over bridges for
various purposes. There is a good ground for every development works in the
world for which the limitless efforts, men's hardihood and persistent feelings
are involved significantly. Indeed, all sorts of educational institutions like
schools, colleges, universities and every project and offices profiles have
been constructed by enormous using sufficient bricks, trees and soils.
Formerly, the world was full of forests and there were uneven soils like ragged
mountains and hills. In course of time, the people felt needs to enter into the
world of civilization. To speak the truth, they learnt the techniques of
cultivating the land, making fire and fuel for preparing their foods and
ultimately, they became conversant with the useful things very convenient to
them by conquering the world of science and technologies. In this momentary
world many uncommon talents came out and made the world astonished by miracle
discoveries and inventions. In those work, men and women are equally engaged
where it is evident that a child is only a child, not a boy, not a girl.

It is evident that modern
society is more often than not male dominated where women still pine away in an
substandard position put side by side to men because of the social formation
and stick with customarily held social values. There is, however, an escalating
responsiveness that women’s position must get better as a matter of their
right; and that, for national development also, mainstreaming of women in all
walks of national life is essential. Bangladesh is differentiated by a very
high population density (860 persons per sq. km. as of 1999), a high population
growth rate (about 2.5 per cent), a very low per-capita income (about US$ 200
as of 1999), a very low adult literacy rate (32 per cent), and widespread being
without a job and underemployment (one-third or more of the available
labour-time in the country). About 46 per cent of the population aged 10 years
and above constitute the civilian labour force. While women constitute half of
the population, their labour force participation rate is only 9.9 per cent
against 81.4 per cent of men. Open unemployment rate is 3.1 per cent for women
against 1.1 per cent for men and underemployment rate for women workforce is
even higher measure up to men. Since the mid-1970s, the Government has, in
acknowledgment of the fact that women’s class must get better and that women
should be implicated in nation building behavior for an orderly progress of the
society, adopted policies and measures aimed at enhancing women’s status,
promoting employment opportunities for them, protectingtheir
rights. On top of these, the Constitution of Bangladesh, adopted in 1972, has
guaranteed equal position to women.



The Constitution of
Bangladesh enshrines women’s equal status with men before law; women shall have
equal rights in all spheres of state and public life, and equality of
opportunity in respect of employment or office in the service of the Republic.
They should not be discriminated against because they are women. In fact, the
Constitution provides that special steps should be taken for the advancement of
women. However, Article 29(c) states that any class of employment or office may
be set aside for members of one sex on the ground that it is considered by its
nature to be unsuited to members of the opposite sex. If not properly
interpreted, this provision may allow scope for abuse and provide a cover for
discrimination against women.


The position of building the children is difficult
nowadays because of expansion of child labour and as such it is found, not only
in our country but also through out the world, the number of child labour are
enhancing day by day. Due to the fact, the effort to develop the children by
proper education is being adversely hampered. Suffice it to say that a class of
people in the name of establishment, they are employing the children as child
labour in different factories, offices and other places in some manner by way
of offering very low wages. The world is immensely beautified by her unbounded
nature where the forests and the animals, hill and mountains have been
flourished by the best ecosystem with relevant ecological balances with the
factors of climate and weather. In the world, as the antidotes of medicine to
cure diseases, the poisonous chemicals are being used up to manufacture the
same. In this connection, it is important to mention that the dreadful diseases
like cancer, coronary, blood cancer and aids etc., are no longer a problem or
dreadful impediment to human beings. If we look around the world, we will find
that the environment is being polluted every time from water effluence when
mosquitoes lay eggs on standing water of the river, ponds and pools etc. When
dirty and unexploited ingredients are thrown into water, the water is polluted
tremendously. In Great Britain, the various chemicals are used in different
large plants and projects; consequently, acid rains occur frequently. In doing
such jobs, child labour is being engaged on a large scale. Suffice it to say
that various poisonous gases are being produced to a great extent by tremendous
use of poisonous chemicals and burning bricks for which the world around us is
being polluted to a large extent. In all these phenomena, child labour has been
a great manpower to contribute to work extensively and from this day forward,
we should save them by creating awareness in social life in question. The work
which has been done behind civilization of the world, child labour has been
employed in embryonic manner as because; the children coming from poor family
have been employing themselves as child labour. The child who will be brought
up with due care, they are working parallel to the adult labour.
There
is no denying the factthat the provisions to enlarge meticulous care to
the child has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of the Rights of the Child
of 1924 and in the Declaration of the Rights of the Child adopted by the
General Assembly on 20 November 1959 and recognized in the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, in the International Covenant on Civil and
Political Rights (in particular in articles 23 and 24), in the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and in the statutes and
relevant instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations
concerned with the welfare of children.

We should bear in mind that, as specified in the
proclamation of the Rights of the Child, "the child, by reason of his
corporeal and psychological juvenile behavior, needs special safeguards and
care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after
birth",


The Convention on the Rights of the Child was accepted
and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly
resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989. It entered into force 2 September 1990,
in accordance with article 49.


It hasbeen highlightedthat, in
accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations,
recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of
all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace
in the world,we should bear in mindthat the peoples of the United
Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human
rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person and have determined to
promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,it
has been recognized
that the United Nations has, in the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on
Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights
and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race,
colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social
origin, property, birth or other status,
ithas been recalledthat,
in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations has proclaimed
that childhood is entitled to special care and
assistance,Convincedthat the family, as the fundamental group of
society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its
members and particularly children, should be afforded the necessary protection
and assistance so that it can fully assume its responsibilities within the
community, it has been stated that the child, for the full and harmonious
development of his or her personality, should grow up in a family environment,
in an atmosphere of happiness, love and sympathetic consideration. It has been
stated that the child should be fully prepared to live an individual life in
society and brought up in the spirit of the ideals proclaimed in the Charter of
the United Nations and in particular in the spirit of peace, dignity,
tolerance, freedom, equality and solidarity. It has been expressed that the
provisions of the Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the
Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement
and Adoption Nationally and globally; the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules
for the management of Juvenile Justice

We should bear in mindthat, in all countries in the
world, there are children living in unusually difficult conditions and that
such children need special contemplation for taking due explanationof the
importance of the traditions and cultural values of each people for the
fortification and harmonious development of the child.We should bear in
mindthe importance of international co-operation for improving the living
conditions of children in every country, in particular in the developing
countries, for the purposes of the present Convention, a child means every
human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to
the child, majority is attained earlier. States Parties shall respect and
ensure the rights set forth in the present Convention to each child within
their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the
child's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language,
religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin,
property, disability, birth or other status. 2. States Parties shall take all
appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of
discrimination or chastisement on the basis of the status, activities,
expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child's parents, legal guardians, or
family members. In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by
public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative
authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child shall be a
primary consideration. It has been stated the States Parties embark on to
ensure the child such protection and care as is necessary for his or her
well-being, taking into account the rights and duties of his or her parents,
legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for him or her, and,
to this end, shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative
measures.


It has been stated the
states Parties should ensure that the institutions, services and facilities
responsible for the care or protection of children shall conform with the
standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the areas of
safety, health, in the number and suitability of their staff, as well as competent
supervision.
It has been stated the States Parties shall undertake
all appropriate legislative, managerial and other measures for the
implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention. With regard
to economic, social and cultural rights, States Parties shall undertake such
measures to the maximum extent of their available resources and, where needed,
within the framework of international co-operation. It has been stated the
States Parties shall respect the responsibilities, rights and duties of parents
or, where applicable, the members of the extended family or community as
provided for by local custom, legal guardians or other persons legally
responsible for the child, to provide, in a manner consistent with the evolving
capacities of the child, appropriate direction and guidance in the exercise by
the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention.


It has been avowed the
child shall be listed immediately after birth and shall have the right from
birth to a name, the right to get hold of a nationality and. as far as
possible, and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents. It has
been stated in UN charter that the States Parties should ensure the
implementation of these rights according to their national law and their
obligations under the relevant global instruments in this field, in particular
where the child would otherwise be stateless.
It has been stated
the states Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his
or her uniqueness, including nationality, name and family kindred as recognized
by law without unlawful intervention. The children who are found begging need
to be sorted out and they should be positioned in a place which is suitable for
their development. The social authorities and other welfare organization should
come forward to settle them in a systematic manner. Otherwise the hopes and
aspiration would be nipped in the bud and in this context, William Shakespeare
says:


“Out! Out! A brief candle,


A life’s but a walking shadow, a poor player,


That struts and frets his hour


Upon the stage,


And then is heard no more,


It is a tale;


Told by an idiot,


It is full of sound and fury,


Signifying nothing”

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