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Economy

Development of settlements

Development of settlements
After identifying the supporting and inhibiting factors regarding upgrading slums, then determining strategic issues in upgrading slum areas. Strategic issues derived from the results of interactions
After identifying the supporting and inhibiting factors regarding upgrading slums, then determining strategic issues in upgrading slum areas. Strategic issues derived from the results of interactions between internal and external factors. The following are the results of the identification of strategic issues of slum settlement upgrading, as follows:
-Optimizing HR in upgrading slum areas.
-Development of settlements by utilizing local / regional potential in order to accommodate the development of multi-cultures that support the implementation of housing and settlement laws
-Increased collaboration and the role of the private sector in the implementation of integrated infrastructure development and management of settlement infrastructure.
-Increased revitalization of housing and settlement facilities and infrastructure to meet public access and adequate facilities and settlement infrastructure services.
-Strengthening housing and settlement financing institutions
-Improvement of official infrastructure as a support for slum upgrading.
-Optimization of monitoring and evaluation of the results of programs for slum settlement upgrading activities with community participation.
-Optimization in the preparation of an integrated database of slum settlement upgrading programs
-Increased socialization of slum settlement upgrading programs as an effort to build community self-help and participation
The results of evaluating the upgrading strategy resulted in two categories (Source from International Journal ):
a. Moderate:
-Increased revitalization of settlement facilities and infrastructure to meet public access to adequate housing facilities and infrastructure services.
-Improvement of facilities and infrastructure of the Regional Working Unit (OPD) as a supporter of slum settlement upgrading.
b. Strategic:
-Optimizing HR in upgrading slums
-Improvement in settlement construction in accordance with the local situation to support the implementation of the Law on housing and settlement
-Optimizing cooperation and the role of the private sector in the implementation of development and management of integrated, synergetic and sustainable settlement infrastructure.
-Optimization of monitoring and evaluation of programs for slum settlement upgrading activities with community participation
-Optimization in the preparation of an integrated database of slum settlement upgrading programs
-Dissemination of slum settlement upgrading programs about the importance of community participation and self-help.
While slum settlement upgrades are formulated based on factual conditions and strategic issues as well as slum settlement upgrading policies, the results of an overview of the spatial data of each indicator of slum settlements have been identified in the previous stage.
The typology of housing and slum settlements, slum levels and land legality are considerations in determining how to upgrade quality and design planning for slum settlements.
Development of settlements - Image 1
Based on the slum level of housing and slum settlements in the location of the study is moderate vulnerable slum. Then the way to upgrade the quality of slum settlements at the research location is planned with consideration (Permen PUPR no. 2 of 2016):
a.In the classification of high vulnerable slums with the status of legal land, upgrading strategy is rejuvenation;
b.In the classification of high vulnerable slums with the status of illegal land, upgrading strategy is resettlement;
c.In the class of moderate vulnerable slums with the status of legal land, upgrading strategy is rejuvenation;
d.In the classification of moderate vulnerable to illegal land status, upgrading strategy is resettlement;
e.In the classification of low vulnerable slums with the status of legal land, upgrading strategy is restoration;
f.In the classification of low vulnerable slums with illegal land status, upgrading strategy is resettlement;
The results of the physical identification of the area, slum level, typology and legality of land and slum upgrading patterns and strategies in Tanjung Beringin Subdistrict, Serdang Bedagai Regency can be determined that planning slum settlement in Tanjung Beringin subdistrict is Land Consolidation and Village Improvement Program (KIP).
Land consolidation is a land use activity by rearranging land use and land tenure. The goal of land consolidation itself is to restructure the use and control of land in an area whose conditions are considered to be less than qualified to become a better area (Indra, 2012). (Indra, 2012).
Land consolidation is an integrated activity rearranging an irregular area, providing the necessary infrastructure and facilities, in order to achieve optimal land use carried out by the community itself.
The village improvement program (KIP) program aims to improve the quality of community life and reforestation through physical environmental improvements. The main objective is to improve the health of the village environment. The basic component is the improvement of regional infrastructure such as public roads, walkways, drainage, MCK (bath, wash and toilet) (Budi Prayitno, 2015).
Based on the results of the study that the location of the slums in the subdistrict of Tanjung Beringin consists of two locations:
1.Slum areas on the river border with an area of 2.76 ha with moderate vulnerable slums, typology of slums and slums in stilts above water, illegal land status, then how to upgrade according to Minister of Public Works and Public Housing Regulation No. 2 of 2016 is resettlement.
2.Slum areas outside the river border with an area of 20.77 ha with moderate vulnerable slums, slum housing typologies and slums in banks, the status of land is legal, then how to upgrade according to Minister of Public Works and Public Housing Regulation No. 2 of 2016 is rejuvenation.
Conclusion and Suggestion
Conclusion
Planning for upgrading the slum settlement strategy in Tanjung Beringin Subdistrict covering an area of 23.53 ha is the improvement of 2.76 ha slum area with Illegal land status through a Land Consolidation Program and structuring a 20.77 ha slum area with legal land status, through the Village Improvement Program (KIP).
Suggestion
The Serdang Bedagai District Government needs to develop a slum master plan comprehensively with the participation of relevant agencies, the private sector and the community with a Land Consolidation model and a plan for the village improvement program (KIP).

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