Computer-based national exam (UNBK) is an national exam system which uses the computer as the test media
The aims of this study are to describe the ability of the male and female students in Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School to solve 3rd progression test on the computer-based national exam (UNBK) preparation, and to analyze the differences in ability to solve 3rd progression test on the computer-based national exam (UNBK) preparation between male and female students in Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School. This study uses an instrument that is Ujicoba Ujian Nasional (UCUN) I SMP/MTs 2017/2019 tested to male and female students. From the results, it can be concluded that the average score of 3rd progression test for the male student is 67,92 and the average score of 3rd progression test for the female student is 58,83. As well as the one hand t-test analysis result, it is given a score tcount(2,919) ≥ ttable(1,329), therefore H0 and H1 are rejected. This means that the average score of progression test among male students is higher than the average score of progression test among female students ( Submit Paper , 2017)
Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School is one of the modern Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia. At present, Tazkia has two main campuses, both are located in Landungsari, Dau, Malang. Campus one is intended specifically for female students and occupies an area of about 13,000 m2. Campus two is for male students and situated in around 25,000 m2 land. Both campuses are equipped with new modern building facilities and are uniquely designed to provide a more maximal and memorable learning experience. Besides Cambridge Lower Secondary Checkpoint as international curriculum framework, Tazkia uses national curriculum too. This curriculum refers to the content standards established by the government’s national education service with the primary objective of developing the intellectual, affective and psychomotor skills of students (santri). In the process of learning, teaching materials will be integrated with Islamic concepts and values so that students are more aware of the majesty of Allah. Furthermore, regarding the final test Tazkia uses computer-based national exam for the national curriculum.
Computer-based national exam (UNBK) is an Indonesian national exam system which uses the computer as the test media. There are requirements that must be met by the school in order to follow the computer-based national exam, that UNBK could only be held by schools which have qualified infrastructure, human resources, and students. This year, Tazkia conducts their 3rd UNBK which are followed by 42 male students and 75 female students. There are some intensive programs held to strengthen the preparation of the students facing UNBK mentally, spiritually, and lesson mastery. One of those programs is the progression tests which are conducted four times.
According to Wikipedia, gender is the range of characteristics pertaining and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. These characteristics may include biological sex, sex-based social structures, or gender identity. In the traditions of cultures dominated by languages in which there are gender pronouns, people who identify as men or women or use masculine or feminine gender pronouns are using a system of the gender binary.
In the academic field, there are several studies that reveal results regarding differences in males and females towards their academic achievements in various fields. The results of these studies vary, some say that there is no difference between females and females in academic achievement ((Ulfa, 2011; Kang’ahi, 2012; Ika, 2012; Alao, 2010; Abubakar; 2011; Abubakar, 2012), females are better academically than males (Atmoko, 2010; Aizah, 2008; Linver, 2002; Pambudiono, 2013; Galang, 2013; Nuryoto, 1998), males are better academically than females ((Soraya, 2010; Firmanto, 2013), and males are better in some parts while females are better in other parts. Whereas in the 2012 PISA test, no significant differences were found between males and females. At the stage of high-level thinking, several studies showed no differences between males and females in this regard. Males and females have the same ability in high-level thinking at the secondary school level (Song, 2005; Saingan, 2008), and higher education levels (Ramos, 2013). There are also studies that state that males are better than females (Ariffin, 2011; ANU, 2010; Eldy, 2013) and females are better than males (Rudd, 2000).
Therefore, from the results of several studies that have several facts presented above, the authors would like to know about the student’s ability to solve 3rd progression test on the computer-based national exam (UNBK) 2019 preparation in the Tazkia International Islamic Boarding School (IIBS) based on their gender.
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