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Literature

A Farewell to Arms, a Reflection of Social Mirror

Earnest Hemingway was an author of such critical time where the People were intensively depressed in skepticism, wants, intolerance and overall engaged in unlawful and mischievous activities like bribing, prejudice, jealousy and war on earth for which the

Earnest
Hemingway's spacious articulation of poignant characters underscores the
virtues of sacrifice, judgment, charitable trust, and commitment and on the
whole rebirth of the age of prosperous up-to-the-minute progression of facts in
view of social conflicts. The feelings for the despondent, which he deliberates
in his stories, made me one of his fans and he became my favorite author.


Earnest Hemingway
was an author of such critical time where the People were intensively depressed
in skepticism, wants, intolerance and overall engaged in unlawful and
mischievous activities like bribing, prejudice, jealousy and war on earth for
which the burning question of the day was to survive for lively-beings in the
midst of crisis. Notwithstanding such critical exigency, the people were
burning desire for love; commiseration and flexibility like rest, recreation
and peace. In the midst of war, crisis, hunger, criticism and cruelty were
prevalent in the society and even everyone in that derogatory moment was
craving for love and tranquility of life. In that hypercritical state of
literary distinctness, Hemingway has been committed to reflect war with love in
a consequential manner. Hence, he had accepted a great provocation as his
utmost efforts to avoid evoking, a specified or committed response in the mind
of the prolific readers.


He has presented
the facts in most impartial manner which is feasible in order to convey the
truth of enlightened encountering and consequently to inspire the people in
most vigilant emotions. Unlike many authors who direct the reader's attention
through the use of many symbols and critics or by the representation of facts
in a painstaking order, Hemingway has followed the simplest objective form and
attitude in his literary renunciation. ' A farewell to Arms ' is the best
creation of Hemingway who has tried to enlighten the necessity of love that is
universal in the midst of war, crisis and intolerance.


In the first book
of the novel, Henry meets up Catherine and is afterward wounded in the battle.
The second book envisages the love affairs between Henry and Catherine, which
blossoms during their time together at the hospital in Milan. The third book is
devoted to the retreat from Caporetto, climacteric with Henry's desertion from
the Italian Army. The fourth book deals with Henry's fight to Stresa and then
their lively-beings to Switzerland with Catherine. The fifth book represents
the couple's pastoral life in Switzerland, eventuating unexpected mental
afflictions with Catherine's death during child's birth. Both of the phenomena
relevant to love and war have been vividly and carefully thought about in the
first book, preparing the readers for Henry's eventual farewell to war in the
third book and the termination of love in the fifth book. The Book II deals
exclusively with love and this is balanced by the similar theme in the fourth
book. The third book develops the war plot and represents both the turning
points for Henry and central swivel in the potting the novel.



There is a
development in the character of Henry over the course of his preoccupation in
the World War I and his love affair with Catherine. At the out set of the
novel, it is obvious that Henry while being antagonistic for life as well as
for want of a nail, does not fully understand the horrors of war, nor does he
understand the final reality of death. Henry has conspicuously lost some of the
idealism that influenced him charitable for the army but having observed death
from somewhat limited perspective of an ambulance driver, he was still unable
to fully understand the meaning of death. By contrast, Catherine was introduced
as one whom, having recently lost her fiancé to the war, possesses a dear
insight of the inviolable finality of death. Seemingly, Henry does not function
well in the whirlwind existence of disorder and confusion. His basic desire to
derive some code of life can be seen as the motive that first prompts him to
pursue Catherine. His reactions to Catherine are at first physical, since he
would prefer to sleep with her than to go to the army brothels. But, as he
becomes more and more involved with Catherine, he sees in their relationship, a
type of order, a type of commitment to a regular existence. In this context,
Earnest Hemingway has tried to reflect the necessity of morality as well as
universal love, which may be treated as an inevitable critic in between men and
women.


When Henry has profoundly observed the Haling
army in chaos, he feels no more allegiance to what has become an abstract
organization. In contrast, he feels a deep sense of loyalty to Catherine. In
his love affairs, he has dedicated his lives for his beloved, he can discover a
sense of duty, a sense of order, and can develop a code by which he can survive
on earth with true belief and utmost care. But Henry is unable to deviate
himself wholly from the bonds of the traditional order. Even though he disserts
the crumbling Italian army to save his own life, he is nevertheless unable to
reconcile himself to the fact that he is not a traitor.


Catherine,
however, is not concerned, since patriotism and loyalty are, in her view,
merely the bogus value adopted by others. The war is not theirs' the only
reality is the love that survives for them as individuals. Unlike Henry, Henry
has succeeded in isolating herself from any sense of obligation to the
conventions of society. Catherine is presented in the beginning of the novel as
immersed in the dislocation of personality that results from a lamentable
personal loss; her fiancé had been killed in the war. What started out as
casual wartime affair is transformed into a love that returns to her a sense of
the beauty and significance of life? Her devotion and concern for her lover are
absolute. She takes all the night shifts- the most taxing in the hospital to be
near Henry.


When there is a
question of her accompanying her lover on leave, it is clear that no
professional commitment to nursing will be able to keep her from going with
him. For Henry she is that unique human being whose prime necessity power
consists in the ability to make a home out of the most rigidly uncompromising
places. She has no pleasure but in her lover, no thought of life outside of his
' you're my religion. You are all I have got" The Priests religion is his
clear, cold country, Catherine's religion is her love. Henry begins,
particularly in his relation to women and love, from a completely self-centered
position. On his leave early in the novel, Henry goes to the city and immerses
himself completely in the self-satisfaction. As it is pointed earlier, he
signifies the realm of ideal love and sympathy by contrast and conflicts in a
significant manner.


The
trap of death is sprung in book V. Catherine's parturition is difficult, and
the birth when it does come is finally performed through a caesarian operation.
The child is born dead. Catherine herself dies soon afterwards. Yet, though, it
is Catherine, who dies "A farewell to Arms" is not her tragedy She
does not become commendable in her dying; she remains in the state of being
estimation according to the rules of comportment which the author has set up.
Catherine had the perception of death early. But it had come to the notice of
Henry only since learning of the doctor's fears. Catherine knows intuitively
that she is going to die. Henry senses it, but his reason will not allow him to
accept it. Hence heartfelt screams are echoed from the core of his heart.


" I knew she
was going to die and I prayed that she would not. Oh! God, don't let her die.
Oh! God, please don't let her die. I'll do anything for you if you don't let
her die"


In this book,
Hemingway has shown that love is not only present in sweet heart but also
preponderates in the midst of cruelty during war. In the wake of misfortune and
bafflement of war, sufferings of humanity and overall misfortunes of the
wounded, love and fraternity lie side by side. In order to serve the humanity,
the doctors and the nurses' stand in their weal and woe. By dint of knowledge,
education and hardihood, one becomes conversant with the reality and conflicts
of life. In the battle of waterloo, Napoleon sought peace in the midst of
destruction and misfortunes of the defeated soldiers.


Florence
Nightingale was being able to understand the service of humanity in the
limitless troubles of the wounded soldiers lying in the battlefield. She
afterwards had had the recognition of the world as a rare personality to
continue efforts for the service of humanity. Madame Teresa had spent her whole
life for the cause of humanity. She was a symbol of good mother who had contributed
a lot to the service of humanity. The persons, who are peaceful, sober, create
awareness for service to the humanity are the rare personalities to get
relieved from mental distortions by active intervention of others. Man is a
social being and as such he has to dedicate himself for the cause of humanity
as the specific job of an ideal personality in this ephemeral world. A man who
is fighting for a just cause is always a great man being a symbol of real peace
and perpetual happiness in the eternal world.


In
the book, 'A farewell to Arms', Earnest Hemingway, has found a truth of maxim
that love is really universal beam of light like the glittering flame of the
sun which is beautified being coherent with the absorption of infra-red
radiation and which created suffering by its utmost potentiality of mental
distortions. Henry's heart has stirred to a great extent due to immature
departure of Catharine from this ephemeral world. He has understood that man's
life is ornamented with the perfection of human knowledge. He believes the
theory of human imperfection of knowledge and so, he is fickle- minded in
nature. Henry thinks that he has achieved the base of life due to love of
Catherine who has directed the way to lead life controlled and cleanly. He had
observed corruption, falsification, bribing, and tortures of the innocent
people that made him bewildered self-centered and deviated from soldier's life.
At that time, according to him, army life was such where cruelty and rudeness
were the prime factors to lead their separate entity. When he was involved with
Catherine's ideology, he had to turn over a new life, which was filled with the
dreams of bright future ahead.



Hemingway has
occupied a great off-planet in the sky of modern novel and it is he who has
dimensionally been dedicated to contemplate human psychology with different
critics and sensible aspects of life in a penetrating and blood-and-guts
manifestation by bringing contrast of feelings for metaphorical representation
and reflections of factual events. In his almost all novels, he has correlated
the sense of using different strategies of love as enunciated with cruelty and
to show the ethics of human conflicts and contrasts by bringing similarities
and dissimilarities of human attitudes with symbolic ethics and the tremendous
beauties of forceful happenings what is ordered and disciplined. In ornamenting
different characters, he has intensified his views regarding nature by bringing
contrasts with human conflicts and attitude in question. He was a personality
of philosophical distinctness with which he was well versed in trimming the
common thing into the depth of illuminated realm that is sequentially a
criterion of critical study of life being mammoth, intensive and a realm based
on wide range of truth and preponderated. It has duly stirred the heart of the
readers in view of its beauty of truth to expand the maxim of human problems
and its widespread solutions.


Hemingway was the
greatest author to ornament the characters in modern diction with regard to
definitive situation in the realm of ideal sequence of life.. He was the only
personality who had scrutinized firstly the dimension of human psychology and
added the increased truth of beauty inside the literary feelings in most
objective manner. That is to say, the author has tried heart and soul to
intensify war with love by contrast, conflicts and representation of metaphor
with critical realm of the sphere relevant to socioeconomic condition at that
time virtually. In this connection, a few lines composed by Benjamin Franklin,
an American statesman, scientist, inventor and a famous author is worth
mentioning:


“For want of
a nail, the shoe was lost


For want of
a shoe, the horse was lost,


For want of
a horse, the rider was lost


For want of
a rider, the battle was lost


For want of
a battle, the kingdom was lost


And all for
want of a horseshoe nail"



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